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fondTitreSurvey of the area

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The Ardèche and the ruomsois countryside offer everybody, whether  athletic or contemplative, the pleasure of a holiday rich in the diversity of its activities: hiking and mountain biking, climbing, caving, horse riding, water sports, motor sports (quads, 4x4), discovery of the cultural heritage with its various museums and villages of character coming to life throughout the week with colorful markets led by local producers who will help  you passionately discover the local products.
Gate to the "Défilés" of the Ardèche, Ruoms has a privileged position between Aubenas (25 km north) and Vallon-Pont-d'Arc (9 km south).

A little history :

Having populated the caves and the surrounding hills, prehistoric men become farmers and moved to the plain of Ruoms. The first vestiges of their presence date back from 3500 to 3000 BC. They were discovered during development works of a car park west of the village. Their establishment in the fourth century BC was confirmed by the discovery of ceramics.
 
Ruoms seems to take its roots from Celtic origin Rito or Rigo magus: rito magus (the field of the ford) because here the Ardèche was forded or rigo magus from the root rig (rich man) and magos (plain or agricultural market). The village existed thus long before the arrival of the Romans. It seems that the Gallo-Roman village had reached its peak in the second century AD. The old Ruoms (well worth seeing) was built up on these places, from the late tenth century around a Benedictine priory of Cluny, whose importance became exceptional in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The village was then called Rionis, it later became Riomis then Ruomis in the fourteenth century and finally Rioms which has become Ruoms from 1464.

Ruoms was a Cluniac priory for 800 years depending directly on Rome and attached to the abbey of Saint Saturnin du Port (or Pont Saint Esprit), one of the first Benedictine abbeys built in southern France. Its heart is near the church and the Chapel Notre Dame des Pommiers.
 
A first wall of fortification was raised thus protecting the cemetery where the worshippers of the neighboring parishes were to be buried. The construction of the Romanesque church took place in the twelfth century and new walls were erected in the late fourteenth century. The enclosure formed a quadrangle of one hundred meters each side. It included seven round towers (now there remain six) and encompassed the priory with its rich and powerful priors and homes. The priory has persisted until the French Revolution when, completely ruined, it was sold as national property.

Over the centuries, the town has of course experienced many influences and transformations. The current main street was created in the industrial period (nineteenth century).
 
Ruoms had its moment of glory thanks to its stone. Of its many quarries (still in operation 50 years ago) was extracted a quality limestone that was used in building the present bridge of Avignon, the Cathedral of Gap, the theater of Montpellier and many works of art on the railway line Paris-Lyon-Marseille. There were up to 500 stone cutters in the late nineteenth century. And as this was particularly thirsty work, there appeared two breweries in Ruoms. Yet this activity was to cease in 1966. Today all this is done: the wine has replaced beer and it is in Ruoms that was established UVICA, the largest wine cooperative of Ardèche. it houses NeoVinum, the Discovery Museum for the wines of the Ardèche and the work of its winemakers.
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